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Swedish Mission Project




SWEDISH MISSION PROJECT

This project aims to make available online for the first time archive films and audio recordings on the Swedish Mission (Svenska Missionskyrkan) http://www.missionskyrkan.se/ in East Turkistan (Xinjiang), China.
This archive was created by S L James during 2009 with assistance from Dr Enver Tohti and the Swedish Uyghur community as well as Swedish archivists and relatives of the missionaries in Sweden.

The Mission was active in Kashgar, Yarkand and Yengi Hissar in East Turkistan from 1892 until 1938. The films date from 1930 to 1934 and audio recordings from 1955 to 1987.

Archive Films (Silent):

From Kashmir to Kashgar (1930-34) 15.44
By Otto Torvik [16mm film, Private Collection, Sweden]

Swedish Mission in East Turkistan (1930/31) 17.30
By Rikard Nystrom [9.5mm film, National Archives, Sweden]

Ancient Silk Road: 100km Across the Plain (1931) 16.16
By Otto Torvik / Carl Persson [16mm film, Private Collection, Sweden]

John Törnquist's East Turkistan Films (1931-1934) 31.55
By John Törnquist [9.5mm film, National Archives, Sweden]


Other Related Films and Recordings:

Ildiko Beller-Hann Interview (2009) [English]
East Turkistan during the Swedish Mission (Max Planck Institute, Germany)

Uyghur TV: Swedish Mission Archives (2007) 01.02.35 [English / Uyghur]
A tour of the Swedish Mission archives with Katarina Thurell (UTV Germany)

Sweden to Xinjiang: Caravans of Hope (1998) 41.41 [English]
Documentary on Margareta Hook (Ljus i Öster Sweden)

Uyghurs: An Oasis in the Desert (1996) 13.12 [English]
Documentary promoting Christianity to Uyghurs (R.U.N. Ministries USA)

Tornisa: The Woman that Wrote (1986) 25.25 [Uyghur dubbed in Swedish]
Documentary on Uyghur Christian (MTV Sweden)

Otto Torvik Interview (date not known) 2.20 [Swedish / English subtitles]
Torvik Family Recording (Norway)

East Turkistan Folklore (recordings from 1947 on) 43.17 [Uyghur / Turkish]
Documentary on Uyghur music and dance (TRT Turkey)

Sven Hedin's Expedition through the Gobi Desert (1928) 1hr 41 mins [English text]
Documentary made by the Swedish explorer (archive film)


Swedish Audio Recordings:

The audio files on this site feature interviews with members of the Swedish Mission and their relatives recorded between 1955 and 1987. This archive also holds a series of interviews with Swedish diplomat and East Turkistan specialist Gunnar Jarring. General overview translations in English of these interviews are being added as PDFs over the course of 2010.

For further information on the Mission and East Turkistan during the late 19th and early 20th century view the attached PDF book Mission and Revolution in Central Asia by John Hultvall.
Also Professor Linda Benson's attached paper 'China's Muslims through Western Eyes'.


Run time 17 minutes 30 seconds
Producer S L James
Audio/Visual silent, color
Language Swedish, English, Uyghur

Reviews

Reviewer: chinese4all - - February 22, 2013
Subject: Chinese History Dialects Language
Classical Chinese was the main form used in Chinese literary works until the May Fourth Movement, and was also used extensively in Japan, Korea, and Vietnam. The Hui people developed Jingtang Jiaoyu for representing Arabic sounds with Chinese characters. Classical Chinese has had influence of Jingtang Jiaoyu. Rather than using Standard Chinese grammar, they use the grammar of their dialect and Classical Chinese to read the Arabic sounds out loud.

Literary Chinese is also known as Wen-li, wen-li or wenli. Most Chinese people with at least a middle school education are able to read basic Classical Chinese, because the ability to read (but not write) Classical Chinese is part of the Chinese middle school and high school curricula ;. and is part of the college entrance examination. Classical Chinese is taught primarily by presenting a classical Chinese work and including a vernacular gloss that explains the meaning of phrases. Tests on classical Chinese usually ask the student to express the meaning of a paragraph in vernacular Chinese, using multiple choice. They often take the form of comprehension questions.

Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, in the Chinese literary language, plain style (1902) by Schereschewsky ;. 1875 Chinese Mandarin Easy Wenli [Chinois ] Old Testament by Schereschewsky ;. New Testament, in plain Wenli (1898) by Schereschewsky ;. Xin yue quan shu, Zhong xi zi - English and Mandarin Chinese (1880) ; . New Testament ;. CANTONESE - New Testament in English and Canton colloquial (1908) ;.

Lessons in elementary Wenli = Hua wen shi yi ;.

An analytical Chinese-English dictionary ;.

English - Chinese pocket dictionary - Mandarin dialect ;.

Analysis of Chinese characters ;.


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Reviewer: seektruth - - June 24, 2010
Subject: Kinesiska språket Gamla Testamentet
För dem som är intresserade av ämnet Kina och kristendomen, det finns ett Gamla Testamentet finns i det kinesiska språket (mandarin).

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Niille, jotka ovat kiinnostuneita aiheesta Kiinan ja kristinuskon olemassa Vanhan Testamentin käytettävissä Kiinan kielen (mandariini).
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Pour ceux qui sont intéressés, il ya une version de l'Ancien Testament (Bible) en langue chinoise (mandarin). Il est disponible ici:

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For those who are interested, there is an Old Testament available in the Chinese Language (Mandarin).

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对于那些谁感兴趣,有旧约在中国语言(普通话)提供。它可在此位置:
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وبالنسبة لأولئك الذين يهتمون ، هناك المتاحة العهد القديم في اللغة الصينية (الماندرين). وهي متوفرة في هذا الموقع :
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Fur diejenigen, die interessiert sind, gibt es einen alten Testament in der chinesischen Sprache (Mandarin). Es ist an dieser Stelle zur Verfügung:
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對於那些誰感興趣,有舊約提供中文(普通話)。它可在此位置:
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###

http://www.archive.org/details/1875ChineseMandarinEasyWenlichinoisOldTestamentOfSchereschewsky

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Det finns även en Nya testamentet (1880) skriven på kinesiska. Nya testamentet [kinesiska och engelska på varje sida] finns tillgänglig på denna plats:

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Le Nouveau Testament est la source principale d'informations concernant le christianisme et l'Église chrétienne historique. Il ya aussi un Nouveau Testament (1880) écrit en chinois. Le Nouveau Testament [Chinois et anglais sur chaque page] est disponible ici:

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Der er også en ny Testamente (1880) skrevet på kinesisk. Det Nye Testamente [kinesisk og engelsk på hver side] er tilgængelig på dette sted:

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新约圣经是基督教的有关信息的主要来源和历史的基督教堂。还有一个新约可用,(1880)以中文撰写。新约[中文和英文的每一页]包含可在此位置:

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There is also a New Testament (1880) written in Chinese. The New Testament [ Chinese and English on each page] is available at this location:

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新約是主要的信息源關於基督教和基督教教會的歷史。還有一個新約可用,(1880年)用中文書寫。新約 [其中包含中文和英文在每一頁]可以在這個位置找到:
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عهد جدید منبع اصلی اطلاعات مربوط به مسیحیت و کلیسای تاریخی مسیحی است. همچنین عهد جدید موجود ، (1880) نوشته شده به زبان چینی. [عهد جدید که حاوی چینی و انگلیسی در هر صفحه] را می توان در این محل موجود می باشد :

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Das Neue Testament ist die primäre Quelle für Informationen über das Christentum und die christliche Kirche Historisches. Es gibt auch ein Neues Testament vorhanden, (1880), geschrieben in Chinesisch. Das Neue Testament [die Chinesisch und Englisch auf jeder Seite] enthält, kann an dieser Stelle zu finden:

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العهد الجديد هو المصدر الأساسي للمعلومات المتعلقة المسيحية والكنيسة المسيحية التاريخية. وهناك أيضا العهد الجديد المتاحة ، (1880) مكتوب باللغة الصينية. ويمكن الاطلاع على [العهد الجديد الذي يحتوي على الصينية والانجليزية على كل الصفحة] في هذا الموقع :

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####

http://www.archive.org/details/XinYueQuanShuZhongXiZiTheNewTestamentInEnglishAndMandarin


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